Confiadamente y con pleno derecho nuestro, atacamos la cuestión, por cuanto se trata de un problema cuya solución aceptable sería verdaderamente nula si no se buscara bajo los auspicios de la religión y de la Iglesia. Civil society exists for the common good, and hence is concerned with the interests of all in general, albeit with individual interests also in their due place and degree. 1891. Puesto el fundamento de las leyes sociales en la religión, el camino queda expedito para establecer las mutuas relaciones entre los asociados, para llegar a sociedades pacíficas y a un floreciente bienestar. In the last place, employers and workmen may of themselves effect much, in the matter We are treating, by means of such associations and organizations as afford opportune aid to those who are in distress, and which draw the two classes more closely together. Entre las de su género deben citarse las sociedades de socorros mutuos; entidades diversas instituidas por la previsión de los particulares para proteger a los obreros, amparar a sus viudas e hijos en los imprevistos, enfermedades y cualquier accidente propio de las cosas humanas; los patronatos fundados para cuidar de los niños, niñas, jóvenes y ancianos. RERUM NOVARUM. It is the mind, or reason, which is the predominant element in us who are human creatures; it is this which renders a human being human, and distinguishes him essentially from the brute. Justice, therefore, demands that the interests of the working classes should be carefully watched over by the administration, so that they who contribute so largely to the advantage of the community may themselves share in the benefits which they create-that being housed, clothed, and bodily fit, they may find their life less hard and more endurable. But no human expedients will ever make up for the devotedness and self sacrifice of Christian charity. The instruments which she employs are given to her by Jesus Christ Himself for the very purpose of reaching the hearts of men, and drive their efficiency from God. From contemplation of this divine Model, it is more easy to understand that the true worth and nobility of man lie in his moral qualities, that is, in virtue; that virtue is, moreover, the common inheritance of men, equally within the reach of high and low, rich and poor; and that virtue, and virtue alone, wherever found, will be followed by the rewards of everlasting happiness. By the State we here understand, not the particular form of government prevailing in this or that nation, but the State as rightly apprehended; that is to say, any government conformable in its institutions to right reason and natural law, and to those dictates of the divine wisdom which we have expounded in the encyclical On the Christian Constitution of the State. Aportaciones de tales hombres que nadie dejará de ver que son principales y que ellos deben ser considerados como superiores en toda sociedad por el hecho de que contribuyen al bien común más de cerca y con más altas razones. Furthermore, the employer must never tax his work people beyond their strength, or employ them in work unsuited to their sex and age. She strives to influence the mind and the heart so that all may willingly yield themselves to be formed and guided by the commandments of God. /// Interpretations of "Rerum Novarum" generally agree that it was a defining moment in the development of Catholic social thought on the eve of the twentieth century. Sin embargo, estas ventajas no podrán obtenerse sino con la condición de que la propiedad privada no se vea absorbida por la dureza de los tributos e impuestos. August 1, 2013 | 8:30 – 10:30 a.m. 27, p. 356). Nay, God Himself seems to incline rather to those who suffer misfortune; for Jesus Christ calls the poor "blessed";(20) He lovingly invites those in labor and grief to come to Him for solace;(21) and He displays the tenderest charity toward the lowly and the oppressed. James T. Majewski is a stage, film, and voice actor based in New York City, holding a BA in Philosophy and an MFA in Acting. Rerum novarum (from its first two words, Latin for "of revolutionary change"), or Rights and Duties of Capital and Labor, is an encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII on 15 May 1891.It was an open letter, passed to all Catholic bishops, that addressed the condition of the working classes. As effects follow their cause, so is it just and right that the results of labor should belong to those who have bestowed their labor. 36. "(8), 22. The first and most fundamental principle, therefore, if one would undertake to alleviate the condition of the masses, must be the inviolability of private property. A Socratic Seminar . 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